M. N.A. Abdul Rahman and Ian C. Chetter Pages 831 - 835 ( 5 )
The 3-hydroxy-3-methyl-glutaryl-CoA (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitors (statins) are a class of drug used to lower low-density lipoprotein (LDL) levels. However, in recent years, statins have been shown to possess a pleiotropic effect beyond its cholesterol lowering ability, including attenuating the effect of ischaemia reperfusion injury. This review considers the biomolecular processes that may lead to this beneficial effect.
Ischaemia reperfusion injury, statins, 3-hydroxy-3-methyl-glutaryl-CoA, reductase inhibitors, low-density lipoprotein, inflammatory re-sponse syndrome, multi organs dysfunction syn-drome, tissue hypoxia, hypoxanthine, xanthine oxidase, reactive oxygen species, nuclear factor B, activator protein-1, nitric oxide, endothelial dysfunction, inter-leukin (IL)-1, tumour necrosis factor alpha, platelet-activating factor, sialyl Lewis X, thrombin, cytokines, vascular endothelial cadherin, angioplasty, cholesterol biosynthesis, lovastatin, pravastatin, simvastatin, atorvastatin, cerivastatin, fluvastatin, rosuvastatin, cytochrome P450, coronary heart disease, rhabdo-myolysis, endothelial NO synthase, inducible NO synthase, neuronal NO synthase, Pro-Inflammatory Cytokines, PAF receptor, endothelin-1, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1, thrombomodulin, cytokine transcription, C-reactive protein, Leukocytes-Endothelial Interaction, decay-accelerating factor, protein kinase C, NADPH-oxidase, ROS reduction
Academic Vascular Surgical Unit, Hull Royal Infirmary, Hull HU3 2JZ, UK.