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Vitamin D and Cardiovascular Disease: A Novel Agent for Reducing Cardiovascular Risk?

[ Vol. 8 , Issue. 5 ]

Author(s):

Panagiotis Anagnostis, Vasilios G. Athyros, Fotini Adamidou, Matilda Florentin and Asterios Karagiannis   Pages 720 - 730 ( 11 )

Abstract:


Vitamin D deficiency is a well-established risk factor for bone disease. Emerging data suggest a pleiotropic role of this agent in a variety of functions in humans. Epidemiological studies indicate an inverse association between vitamin D deficiency and the prevalence of cardiovascular disease (CVD), as well as individual cardiometabolic risk factors, such as hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidemia and the metabolic syndrome. Moreover, vitamin D deficiency has been implicated in the atherosclerotic process.

This review considers current data regarding the role of vitamin D deficiency in the development of CVD and addresses the effect of supplementation on cardiovascular outcomes.

Keywords:

Vitamin D, cardiovascular disease, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, metabolic syndrome

Affiliation:

Endocrinology Clinic, Hippokration Hospital, 49 Konstantinoupoleos Str., Thessaloniki, 54642, Greece.



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