Christos D. Liapis, Sir Peter F. Bell, Dimitri P. Mikhailidis, Juhani Sivenius, Andrew Nicolaides, Jose Fernandes e Fernandes, Giorgio Biasi, Lars Norgren and ESVS Guidelines Collaborators Pages 673 - 681 ( 9 )
Herein, we present the European Society for Vascular Surgery Guidelines pertinent to the secondary prevention of cerebrovascular events in patients with carotid artery stenosis including lipid lowering therapy, antiplatelet therapy and other risk factor modification. These recommendations are based on current evidence from clinical trials. There is a need for aggressive prevention treatment in patients with carotid artery disease. We also discuss the diagnosis and grading of carotid artery stenosis.
Carotid artery stenosis, statins, antiplatelet agents, hypertension, risk factors, diagnosis
Department of Vascular Surgery, Athens University Medical School, “Attikon” University Hospital, Rimini 1, Haidari, 12462 Athens, Greece.