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Evaluation of Therapeutic Agents Targeting the Pathogenesis of Coronary Artery Spasm: A Mini Review

[ Vol. 19 , Issue. 4 ]

Author(s):

Xin Zhao, Jinfan Tian, Zhishuai Ye, Mingyue Xu, Xiantao Song* and Rongchong Huang*   Pages 347 - 358 ( 12 )

Abstract:


Coronary artery spasm (CAS) plays an important role in the pathogenesis of ischemic heart disease. The clinical manifestations of CAS include variant angina, myocardial infarction and sudden death. Although endothelial dysfunction and hyperreactivity of vascular smooth muscle cells have been associated with CAS, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Thus, there is a long way to go to truly understand the pathogenesis of CAS to formulate effective treatments. This article discusses the pathophysiological mechanisms as well as downstream molecular pathways of CAS, with a focus on potential therapeutic targets.

Keywords:

Coronary artery spasm, endothelial dysfunction, vascular smooth muscle cell hyperreactivity, therapeutic targets, ischemic heart disease, epicardial coronary artery.

Affiliation:

Department of Cardiology, Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing Institute of Heart, Lung and Blood Vessel Disease, Beijing 100029, Department of Cardiology, Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing Institute of Heart, Lung and Blood Vessel Disease, Beijing 100029, Department of Cardiology, Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University, Xuan Wu District, Beijing 100050, Department of Cardiology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Dalian Medical University, Dalian 116011, Department of Cardiology, Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing Institute of Heart, Lung and Blood Vessel Disease, Beijing 100029, Department of Cardiology, Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University, Xuan Wu District, Beijing 100050

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