Constantinos Bakogiannis, Konstantinos Stavropoulos, Christodoulos Papadopoulos and Vasilios Papademetriou* Pages 313 - 322 ( 10 )
Hypertension is a potent risk factor for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. High blood pressure (BP) correlates closely with all-cause and cardiovascular mortality. Although the gold standard remains office BP (auscultatory or automated), other methods (central or out-of-office) are gaining popularity as better predictors of CV events. In this review, we investigated the prognostic value of each method of BP measurement and explored their advantages and pitfalls. Unattended automated office BP is a novel technique of BP measurement with promising data. Ambulatory BP monitoring, and to a lesser extent, home BP measurements, seem to predict cardiovascular events and mortality outcomes better, while at the same time, they can help distinguish hypertensive phenotypes. Data on the association of central BP levels with cardiovascular and mortality outcomes, are conflicting. Future extensive cross-sectional and longitudinal studies are needed to evaluate head-to-head the corresponding levels and results of each method of BP measurement, as well as to highlight disparities in their prognostic utility.
Hypertension, cardiovascular risk, cardiovascular disease, 24h ambulatory blood pressure monitoring, home blood pressure, central blood pressure.
Third Department of Cardiology, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Georgetown University, Washington, DC 20422, Third Department of Cardiology, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Georgetown University, Washington, DC 20422