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Natural Products for Regulating Macrophages M2 Polarization

[ Vol. 15 , Issue. 7 ]

Author(s):

Zhen Chang, Youhan Wang, Chang Liu, Wanli Smith and Lingbo Kong*   Pages 559 - 569 ( 11 )

Abstract:


Macrophages M2 polarization have been taken as an anti-inflammatory progression during inflammation. Natural plant-derived products, with potential therapeutic and preventive activities against inflammatory diseases, have received increasing attention in recent years because of their whole regulative effects and specific pharmacological activities. However, the molecular mechanisms about how different kinds of natural compounds regulate macrophages polarization still unclear. Therefore, in the current review, we summarized the detailed research progress on the active compounds derived from herbal plants with regulating effects on macrophages, especially M2 polarization. These natural occurring compounds including flavonoids, terpenoids, glycosides, lignans, coumarins, alkaloids, polyphenols and quinones. In addition, we extensively discussed the cellular mechanisms underlying the M2 polarization for each compound, which could provide potential therapeutic strategies aiming macrophages M2 polarization.

Keywords:

M2 polarization, natural occurring compounds, macrophages, molecular, polyphenols, resveratrol.

Affiliation:

Department of Spine surgery, Honghui-hospital, Xi’an Jiaotong University, School of Medicine, Xi’an, Department of Spine surgery, Honghui-hospital, Xi’an Jiaotong University, School of Medicine, Xi’an, Department of Spine surgery, Honghui-hospital, Xi’an Jiaotong University, School of Medicine, Xi’an, Shaanxi University of Chinese Medicine, Xian Yang, China; 3Department of Neuroscience, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, Department of Spine surgery, Honghui-hospital, Xi’an Jiaotong University, School of Medicine, Xi’an



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