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Clopidogrel High On-Treatment Platelet Reactivity in Patients with Carotid Artery Stenosis Undergoing Endarterectomy. A Pilot Study

[ Vol. 14 , Issue. 6 ]

Author(s):

Dragana Backovic, Svetlana Ignjatovic, Ljiljana Rakicevic, Mirjana Novkovic, Jelena Kusic-Tisma, Dragica Radojkovic, Evgenija Strugarevic, Branko Calija, Djordje Radak and Mirjana Kovac   Pages 563 - 569 ( 7 )

Abstract:


Objectives: A considerable number of patients do not achieve an adequate response to clopidogrel. Our study aimed to evaluate genetic and non-genetic factors as possible risks for clopidogrel high on-treatment platelet reactivity (HTPR) in patients (n=112) with carotid artery stenosis undergoing endarterectomy (CEA).

Methods: Using multiple-electrode impedance aggregometry (MEA) the antiplatelet effectiveness of clopidogrel was measured after 24 h, 7 and 30 days of clopidogrel treatment, which was introduced after elective CEA at a dose of 75 mg daily, for at least 30 days.

Results: HTPR was observed among 25% patients after clopidogrel therapy for 30 days. Further analysis showed that 53.3% of patients carrying the CYP2C19*2 gene variant had clopidogrel-HTPR, while in the wild type group there were 14.6% (p<0.001). Multivariate logistic regression analysis identified the CYP2C19*2 variant allele (OR 4.384; 95% CI 1.296-14.833, p=0.017) and high total cholesterol level (OR 2.090; 95% CI 1.263-3.459, p=0.004) as the only independent risk factors for clopidogrel-HTPR.

Conclusion: The CYP2C19*2 gene variant and high total cholesterol level were major factors for clopidogrel- HTPR in patients with carotid artery stenosis undergoing CEA.

Keywords:

Carotid artery stenosis, carotid endarterectomy, clopidogrel, platelet reactivity, risk factors, CYP2C19*2.

Affiliation:

Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Belgrade, Serbia, Vojvode Stepe 450, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia.



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