Raissa Perrault and Peter Zahradka Pages 258 - 270 ( 13 )
G protein signaling is an extremely complex event that is involved in almost every cellular process. As such, G protein-coupled receptors are the most commonly found type of transmembrane receptors used by cells to initiate intracellular signaling events. However, the widely accepted model of cyclical GDP-GTP exchange in response to ligand binding to 7TMRs, followed by dissociation of the G protein subunits and activation of intracellular signaling cascades, has repeatedly been challenged in recent years. Some of the exceptions that have been brought forth include signaling by a non-dissociated, rearranged heterotrimer and the existence of “reverse-mode”, active G proteins that interact with active receptors. Here, we focus on Gαi/o, one of the common Gα classes, and outline a major exception to the classical model, that of G protein coupling to RTKs. We then describe a novel concept in Gαi/o signaling, namely that the pathways induced by agonist binding circumvent the typical signaling pathways responsive to decreases in the second messenger cAMP, via adenylyl cyclase inhibition.
Adenylyl-cyclase independent, Gαi, G protein-coupled receptors, receptor tyrosine kinase.
Canadian Centre for Agrifood Research in Health and Medicine, St. Boniface Hospital Research Centre, 351 Tache Avenue, Winnipeg, MB, Canada R2H 2A6.