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Omentin: Linking Metabolic Syndrome and Cardiovascular Disease

[ Vol. 12 , Issue. 1 ]


Ji-Yin Zhou, Lawrence Chan and Shi-Wen Zhou   Pages 136 - 143 ( 8 )


Omentin is an adipokine preferentially produced by visceral adipose tissue with insulin-sensitizing effects. Its expression is reduced in obesity, insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. Omentin is also positively related with adiponectin, high-density lipoprotein levels and negatively related with body mass index, waist circumference, insulin resistance, triglyceride and leptin levels. Lower plasma omentin levels contribute to the pathogenesis of insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular diseases in obese or overweight patients. Omentin has anti-inflammatory, antiatherogenic, anti-cardiovascular disease and antidiabetic properties. With respect to vascular biology, omentin causes vasodilatation of blood vessels and attenuates C-reactive protein-induced angiogenesis. The ability of omentin to reduce insulin resistance in conjunction with its anti-inflammatory and anti-atherogenic properties makes it a promising therapeutic target. Thus, omentin may have beneficial effects on the metabolic syndrome and could potentially be used as a biologic marker and/or pharmacologic agent/target in this respect.


Cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, inflammation, metabolic syndrome, omentin.


National Drug Clinical Trial Institution, Xinqiao Hospital, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, 400037, China.

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